Category Archives: Network Neutrality

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Title II Regulations a ‘Net’ Loss for Innovation and Consumers

The FCC’s move is especially regrettable because it is wholly unnecessary.

FCC’s ‘Throwback Thursday’ Move Imposes 1930s Rules on the Internet

1930-ish-phone-copy

That little beauty to the right was the current state-of-the-art in 1937. That’s when what we call “toll quality” calling was supposedly set down as a standard.

The Federal Communications Commission approved an order urged by President Obama that imposes rules on broadband Internet services that were written in the era of the steam locomotive and the telegraph. The following statement should be attributed to Michael E. Glover, Verizon senior vice president, public policy and government affairs:

“Today’s decision by the FCC to encumber broadband Internet services with badly antiquated regulations is a radical step that presages a time of uncertainty for consumers, innovators and investors. Over the past two decades a bipartisan, light- touch policy approach unleashed unprecedented investment and enabled the broadband Internet age consumers now enjoy.

“The FCC today chose to change the way the commercial Internet has operated since its creation. Changing a platform that has been so successful should be done, if at all, only after careful policy analysis, full transparency, and by the legislature, which is constitutionally charged with determining policy. As a result, it is likely that history will judge today’s actions as misguided.

“The FCC’s move is especially regrettable because it is wholly unnecessary. The FCC had targeted tools available to preserve an open Internet, but instead chose to use this order as an excuse to adopt 300- plus pages of broad and open- ended regulatory arcana that will have unintended negative consequences for consumers and various parts of the Internet ecosystem for years to come.

“What has been and will remain constant before, during and after the existence of any regulations is Verizon’s commitment to an open Internet that provides consumers with competitive broadband choices and Internet access when, where, and how they want.”


 

Many telecoms have acted poorly, but there is absolutely NO EXCUSE for 332 pages of new regulations that nobody was allowed to review before they were voted on. The FCC is not an imperial body, unaccountable to congress or anyone else – although clearly Wheeler thinks he is by snubbing a request to appear before Congress. This cloak-and-dagger approach is absurd, and if the entire Title 2 scheme falls (which it should), it will be in part because of the way Wheeler and the FCC acted – essentially as a mouthpiece of the Obama Administration – in regards to the process.

Wake up, people. The scope of what the FCC has now asserted they are authorized to control is far beyond what was intended when the agency was created. This has become true of far too many commissions, agencies and departments in the Federal government. I recommend “Is Administrative Law Unlawful” by Philip Hamburger. We have become so used to the massive scale of the federal government (particularly the power now concentrated under the executive branch departments and agencies), we barely realize that what we live with today wouldn’t be tolerated by any reasonable standard of limited, enumerated powers, judicial restraint and the concept of co-equal branches of government even 50 or 60 years ago, much less 100 or 200+ years ago.

 

Boehner Denounces FCC’s ‘Secret Plan to Put the Federal Government in Control of the Internet’

The future of the Internet should remain free and open. Government bureaucrats claiming “net neutrality” should keep their hands off. 

John A. Boehner (bay-ner) serves as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives. Elected to represent the Eighth Congressional District of Ohio for a 12th term in November 2012, John is a national leader in the drive for a smaller, less costly, and more accountable federal government. - See more at: http://www.speaker.gov/about#sthash.cyfqqSik.dpuf

John A. Boehner (bay-ner) serves as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives.

WASHINGTON, DC – February 26, 2015 – House Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) released the following statement today after the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) voted to impose new federal “net neutrality” regulations that would undermine a free and open Internet and hurt our economy:

“Overzealous government bureaucrats should keep their hands off the Internet. Today, three appointed by President Obama approved a secret plan to put the federal government in control of the Internet. The text of the proposal is being kept hidden from the American people and their elected representatives in Congress, and the FCC’s chairman has so far refused to testify about it. This total lack of transparency and accountability does not bode well for the future of a free and open Internet, not to mention the millions of Americans who use it every day.

“The FCC is supposed to be an independent agency, but the White House has once again meddled where it shouldn’t in order to advance what one commissioner has described as ‘a solution that won’t work to a problem that doesn’t exist.’ And like ObamaCare, the Obama administration’s plan for the Internet may not work, but it will create years of uncertainty and lead to expensive legal fights. More mandates and regulations on American innovation and entrepreneurship are not the answer, and that’s why Republicans will continue our efforts to stop this misguided scheme.”

NOTE: Nearly a year ago, House Republican leaders sent a letter to the FCC’s chairman urging him to drop consideration of federal net neutrality regulations. In November, Speaker Boehner warned that they would hurt our economy.

Stop FCC From Nullifying State Municipal Broadband Laws
North Carolina Senator Thom Tillis

North Carolina Senator Thom Tillis is committed to preserving the American Dream for younger generations and supports common sense policies that will generate economic growth and opportunities for working families.

Thursday, February 26, 2015

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Senator Thom Tillis (R-NC) and Congressman Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) today introduced legislation to prevent the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) from overriding state and local municipal broadband laws.

Earlier today, the FCC voted to effectively overturn North Carolina and Tennessee state laws that set requirements and conditions on municipalities competing with the private sector in the broadband marketplace.

The Tillis-Blackburn legislation says that the FCC cannot pre-empt states with municipal broadband laws already on the books, or any other states that subsequently adopt such municipal broadband laws. The bill also includes a Sense of Congress stating that the FCC does not have the legal authority to prohibit states from implementing municipal broadband restrictions. Original co-sponsors of the federal legislation included Representatives Mike Pompeo (R-KS), Robert Pittenger (R-NC), Renee Ellmers (R-NC), Mark Meadows (R-NC), and David Rouzer (R-NC).

“It is disturbing, yet not surprising, that the FCC and Chairman Wheeler are attempting to deny the sovereign right of states to make their own laws,” said Senator Tillis. “After witnessing how some local governments wasted taxpayer dollars and accumulated millions in debt through poor decision making, the legislatures of states like North Carolina and Tennessee passed commonsense, bipartisan laws that protect hardworking taxpayers and maintain the fairness of free-market competition. Representative Blackburn and I recognize the need for Congress to step in and take action to keep unelected bureaucrats from acting contrary to the expressed will of the American people through their state legislatures.”

“The FCC’s decision to grant the petitions of Chattanooga, Tennessee and Wilson, North Carolina is a troubling power grab,” said Congressman Blackburn. “States are sovereign entities that have Constitutional rights, which should be respected rather than trampled upon. They know best how to manage their limited taxpayer dollars and financial ventures. Ironically, they will now be burdened by the poor judgment of a federal government that is over $18 trillion in debt and clearly cannot manage its own affairs.

“I’m pleased to be working with Senator Tillis on this important issue. As former state legislators, we strongly believe in States’ rights and will fight the FCC’s liberal agenda. Chairman Wheeler’s regulatory appetite appears to know no bounds and is seeping dangerously into the lives of Americans. It is time for Congress to assert itself and protect States once again from unelected Washington bureaucrats.”

BACKGROUND

In 2006, the City of Wilson, North Carolina, borrowed at least $34.6 million to build a government-owned broadband network, without a vote of its citizens. In support of the borrowing, Wilson’s broadband business plan claimed that the fiber project would be cash positive in year three of its operation; however, the projection failed to materialize, as Wilson lost $2.1 million in FY2008; $1.1 million in FY2009; $1.4 million in FY2010; $1.06 million in FY2011; and $1.3 million in FY2012.

In 2011, the North Carolina General Assembly passed a law (S.L. 2011-84) that protects taxpayers by barring local governments from using tax dollars to cross-subsidize other local accounts and requiring a vote of citizens to authorize new debt used to fund the broadband service. The law grandfathered the City of Wilson, North Carolina, and two other municipal broadband providers, but required them to follow the requirements set in the legislation if they attempted to expand their service. Wilson subsequently asked for a waiver from those rules, resulting in today’s FCC ruling.

Good news: FCC promotes broadband competition

You may have heard that the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) just put in place rules to protect ‘net neutrality.’ That’s big news. But there was another important decision today to help keep the Internet competitive and open — and while it’s getting less attention, it may be just as important.

As part of its agenda to encourage meaningful competition in high speed broadband for all Americans, the FCC supported allowing cities to make their own decisions about investing in new broadband networks. More needs to be done to drive innovation in bigger, faster broadband, but this is a good step. Click on the image below to take action.

bsd_google_takeaction_netneutralityfcc_share_an12c

House Republicans Voice Opposition to FCC’s Net Neutrality Plan

As a historic vote looms to give the Federal Communications Commission power over Internet Service Providers to enforce net neutrality, House Republicans are attempting to sway the FCC away from the proposal.

Leading up to Thursday when the FCC votes on the new rules, Rep. Joe Barton (R-Texas) called the FCC’s proposal “net nonsense,” remarking that it’s going to fail to gain court approval.

Under the proposal by FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler, ISPs would fall under Title II of the Telecommunications Act, giving the FCC authority to implement and enforce open internet protections. This would essentially stop providers like AT&T, Verizon, Comcast, Sprint and T-Mobile from favoring certain Internet traffic under most conditions. They had previously been treated as lightly regulated “information services”.

Rep. Fred Upton (R-Mich.), Rep. Greg Walden (R-Ore.) and Senate Commerce Committee Chairman John Thune (R-S.D.) believe they have a better way.

These Republicans have put forth legislation in the House (PDF) that would give the FCC authority to administer some tenets of net neutrality such as paid prioritization of content, but not give the FCC broader oversight over ISPs. They also believe this legislation will resist court challenges that the FCC is overstepping its bounds.

Wheeler, a former government lobbyist and telecom industry insider, had previously proposed in 2014 that ISPs should be allowed to prioritize certain online traffic to create an internet “fast lane” that was panned by Net Neutrality activists. In contrast, his latest regulations are far more in line with President Barack Obama’s Net Neutrality stance, spurring congressional committee investigations into the White House’s influence over the FCC, which is supposed to operate as an independent agency.

Upton has also noted that Chairman Wheeler has refused to testify the Oversight and Government Reform Committee, and that he “refuses to directly answer growing concerns about how the rules were developed, how they are structured, and how they will stand up to judicial scrutiny.”

This story will be updated with the results of the FCC vote on Thursday.

FCC Adopts Strong, Sustainable Rules to Protect The Open Internet

The Federal Communications Commission voted Thursday to implement new net neutrality rules designed to make sure Internet service providers treat all legal content equally. The historic vote on the proposal by FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler elicited hearty cheers from a wide array of technology companies and consumer groups while setting the table for further legal challenges from Internet service providers. The controversial proceedings that led up to the vote generated heated lobbying in Washington and public clamor on social media, all in efforts to steer the future direction of the rules that guide Internet traffic.

“No one … should control free and open access to the Internet,” Wheeler said to applause from the standing room-only crowd gathered before the FCC panel. “It’s the most powerful and pervasive platform on the planet. The Internet is too important to allow broadband providers to make the rules.”

The Commission, once and for all, enacts strong, sustainable rules, grounded in multiple sources of legal authority, to ensure that Americans reap the economic, social, and civic benefits of an Open Internet today and into the future.  These new rules are guided by three principles:  America’s broadband networks must be fast, fair and open—principles shared by the overwhelming majority of the nearly 4 million commenters who participated in the FCC’s Open Internet proceeding. Complete presss release can be viewed at http://www.fcc.gov/document/fcc-adopts-strong-sustainable-rules-protect-open-internet

Bright Line Rules: The first three rules ban practices that are known to harm the Open Internet:

  • No Blocking: broadband providers may not block access to legal content, applications, services,
    or non-harmful devices.
  • No Throttling: broadband providers may not impair or degrade lawful Internet traffic on the
    basis of content, applications, services, or non-harmful devices.
  • No Paid Prioritization: broadband providers may not favor some lawful Internet traffic over
    other lawful traffic in exchange for consideration of any kind—in other words, no “fast lanes.”

This rule also bans ISPs from prioritizing content and services of their affiliates. The bright-line rules against blocking and throttling will prohibit harmful practices that target specific
applications or classes of applications. And the ban on paid prioritization ensures that there will be no fast lanes.

A Standard for Future Conduct: Because the Internet is always growing and changing, there must be a known standard by which to address any concerns that arise with new practices. The Order establishes that ISPs cannot “unreasonably interfere with or unreasonably disadvantage” the ability of consumers to select, access, and use the lawful content, applications, services, or devices of their choosing; or of edge providers to make lawful content, applications, services, or devices available to consumers. Today’s Order ensures that the Commission will have authority to address questionable practices on a case-by-case basis, and provides guidance in the form of factors on how the Commission will apply the standard
in practice.

Has the FCC really Adopted a Strong, Sustainable Rules to Protect The Open Internet? My opinion will be posted tomorrow on how this new ruling will affect businesses and consumers.

Questions Remain Ahead: Net Neutrality FCC Vote is Today

tom wheelerI have never liked Tom Wheeler, Chairman of the FCC. I always thought he was on the wrong side of the argument when he was Chairman of the National Cable Television Association. I just don’t trust the man and now he is going to plop down a 317-page+ piece of regulation that most people interpret as “net neutrality”. Guess what, it’s not.

Posted on CNET are 8 burning questions about Net neutrality you should read. CNET breaks down everything you need to know about complicated, but critical, issue.

I think everyone wants net neutrality, but for some reason I don’t think it takes more than 300 pages to get the job done. What is he trying to fix, and more important what is broken? The FCC is voting during an open meeting today, Thursday February 26th at 10:30 am ET on whether to reclassify broadband access as a telecommunications service under Title II which by the way is very outdated, was originally written in 1988 before the internet was readily available to the public.

  • Will it contain fees?
  • Will it contain restrictions?
  • Will the Internet be regulated?
  • Will it impinge upon some content?
  • Will it add operating expense to your business?
  • Will it include net neutrality? I guarantee it, I just don’t know the flavor.

I found another great post on NPR everyone should read The FCC’s Net Neutrality Vote: Here’s What You Need To Know

I can’t write a blog outlining the horrors or even the beautiful free skies of net neutrality until I see the regulation. I can’t because I am not an FCC commissioner and only their eyes are allowed to see.

How does net neutrality effect me?

Q: What is net neutrality?
A: Net neutrality, or open Internet, is the principle that Internet service providers should give consumers access to all legal content and applications on an equal basis, without favoring or blocking some sources. It also prohibits Internet service providers (ISPs) from charging content providers for speedier delivery of their content on “fast lanes” or deliberately slowing the content from content providers that may compete with ISPs.

Q: How will new net neutrality rules affect me?
A: The rules aim to ensure a high-quality Internet experience for all on home broadband Internet service. The proposed FCC regulations aim to ensure that Internet content — be it streaming video, audio or other content — will be treated equally by Internet service providers. Another goal of the initiatives: To give start-ups and entrepreneurs access to broadband networks without undue influence from the ISPs.

Q: How will new net neutrality rules affect me?
A: The rules aim to ensure a high-quality Internet experience for all on home broadband Internet service. The proposed FCC regulations aim to ensure that Internet content — be it streaming video, audio or other content — will be treated equally by Internet service providers. Another goal of the initiatives: To give start-ups and entrepreneurs access to broadband networks without undue influence from the ISPs.

Q: So what’s going to happen when I’m streaming House of Cards in the future?
A: In theory, the only thing that should change is that there are actual regulations on the books — or potentially laws, should Congress pass new ones — that prohibit ISPs’ discrimination of content and content providers. An ISP would be prohibited from slowing the delivery of a TV show simply because it’s streamed by a video company that competes with a subsidiary of the ISP. That doesn’t mean everyone gets the same level of Internet service — remember, customers already pay for different speeds. And the price of broadband could rise over the years as speeds increase and technology advances. What the FCC’s rules would do is prevent an ISP from favoring content, blocking content, or other conduct that would harm consumers.

Q: What’s the difference between an ISP and a content provider? 
A: An Internet service provider is a company that provides you with access to the Internet. Some popular ISPs in the U.S. include AT&T, Verizon, Comcast, Cox and Time Warner Cable. Content providers are companies like Netflix and Amazon that create and/or distribute videos and programs. Sometimes an ISP is also a content provider. For instance, Comcast owns NBCUniversal and delivers TV shows and movies through its Xfinity Internet service.

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FCC wants to regulate Internet like phone service

tom wheelerThe chairman of the Federal Communications Commission is proposing unprecedented rules to regulate Internet service providers — including mobile broadband — like a public utility, in a far-reaching move that could be one of the most divisive plans to emerge from the agency in years.

In an op-ed in Wired magazine posted online, FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler said his plan would regulate Internet service much like phone service or any other public utility by applying Title II of the 1934 Communications Act.

In doing so, the agency would prohibit providers from slowing down, speeding up or blocking web content.

“I am submitting to my colleagues the strongest open internet protections ever proposed by the FCC,” he wrote. “My proposal assures the rights of internet users to go where they want, when they want, and the rights of innovators to introduce new products without asking anyone’s permission.”

Net neutrality is the idea that Internet providers should not move some content faster than others or enter into paid agreements with companies such as Netflix to prioritize their data. Advocates for this approach say it would keep the Internet free and open — making content equally available to everyone and treating the Internet as a pipeline that must not restrict access.

“Reclassifying the Internet as a utility — equally accessible to all — is hugely popular with voters of all political stripes, who don’t want old corporations writing the rules,” Progressive Change Campaign Committee co-founder Adam Green said in a statement praising Wheeler’s plan.

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North Korea’s Internet down; cause unknown

Kim Jong Un
North Korea’s tiny piece of the global Internet went dark altogether Monday, after flickering on and off over the last 24 hours, and experts said it could be a cyberattack or a pre-emptive online retreat by Pyongyang. “The North Korean IP space is not reachable from anywhere on Earth right now. It’s a national shut down,” said Jim Cowie, chief scientist of Dyn Research, which monitors global Internet connectivity.

Shortly after noon ET, “it went out, and did not come back up,” he added.

About a day of intermittent connectivity preceded the shutdown, according to Dyn Research and other companies’ observations. Almost the entirety of the very small North Korean Internet of approximately a thousand Internet protocol addresses is routed through the Chinese state-owned Internet service provider Chinese Unicom. “That presents a very small attack surface for anybody who wants to take it out,” Cowie noted.

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Public DNS Options and Possible Issues with Level 3 DNS

I am see some random complains with Level 3 DNS. I don’t know if this is a temporary problem or chronic to being overloaded. As a Level 3 customer we have an open support ticket but have not gotten a satisfactory answer from Level 3 engineers. I am recommending changing your routers, PCs to use Neustar’s DNS at:free-recursive-dns

156.154.70.1
156.154.71.1

http://www.neustar.biz/services/dns-services/free-recursive-dns

An alternative would be use Dyn DNS which has become very popular over the past year

216.146.35.35
216.146.36.36

http://setup.dynguide.com/

I would NEVER recommend using AT&T, Charter, Comcast, or TW Cable’s DNS as they are very slow, time-out and have very long TTL times. You will find other Free public DNS servers and reviews at http://pcsupport.about.com/od/tipstricks/a/free-public-dns-servers.htm I also do not recommend using Google’s DNS as the filter your content and they know enought about you already.

Is AT&T and Big Telecom Destroying the free and open Internet?

A free and open Internet is one of the pillars of democracy, an essential, equalizing force for the powerless and a key piece of social democratic infrastructure. There’s a reason why freedom of the speech and of the press, and the right of the people to assemble, are enshrined in the 1st Amendment to our Constitution. The founders knew that one of the greatest threats to democracy was government overreach and suppression of its citizens’ access to information.

Fast forward nearly 250 years later and substitute “corporation” for “government.” Substitute “internet” for “speech and the press.” The ability of corporations to suppress the free flow of information, citizenry’s access to free speech, and the ability to organize, is a major threat to our democracy. That’s why we’re seeing an epic battle over Net Neutrality, an all-out fight to stop telecoms from creating fast and slow lanes for content on the Internet.

The sides are clear. Net Neutrality is supported by 81 percent of everyday American people, including a majority of Republicans, who submitted a record over one million comments to the FCC in support of the strongest possible rules reinstating Net Neutrality. Up against massive popular opposition, the Internet Service Providers (ISPs) led by AT&T, and Big Telecom including Comcast and their trade association and the National Cable and Telecom Association, spent over $42 million in lobbying in just the first half of this year.

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